Any type of surgery is likely to cause anxiety and fear in patients of all ages. However, surgery can be a completely terrifying and stressful experience for children. This can pose a problem for medical professionals, especially when administering anesthesia to these young patients. Doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals have used different techniques over the years, hoping to calm patients down before procedures and treatments. While stickers and toys have been very helpful, medical professionals are now finding that new technologies are very effective. The latest finds that virtual reality calms young surgical patients more effectively than other methods. Thanks to a group of pediatric specialists at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital Stanford, virtual reality calms young surgical patients. A technique that has been helpful for older children, is giving them a virtual tour of the hospital and operating room beforehand so they know exactly what to expect on the day of their surgery. Zack Dwyer, a 17 year old preparing for surgery to correct supraventricular tachycardia, strapped on virtual reality goggles on Tuesdays and Thursdays after school, taking a virtual trip through the hospital starting at the entrance and ending in the recovery room. He had an opportunity to see exactly what he was going to see on the day of his surgery, even what it would look like as he was lying in the operating room speaking to a surgeon. After undergoing his procedure, Dwyer said “It definitely would have been super overwhelming if I didn’t know that was coming”. While this technique works great for teenagers, younger children can be a bit more difficult. Administering anesthesia to frightened children can be a challenge as their fear leads them to squirm and pull off their anesthesia masks. For these kids, virtual reality video games are used to distract them and trick them into breathing the anesthetic. One game, Sevo the Dragon, takes breathing anesthetic through a mask and turns it into an enjoyable game. Children pick a dragon avatar and the type of food they want to “cook” using the dragons fiery breath. The patient continues to play the game until they fall asleep. While these techniques are still in their early stages, they are already seeing how virtual reality clms young surgical patients, reducing their fear and anxiety on the day of their surgery. This technology is primarily being used on children at the moment, but it may be a helpful distraction for older patients as well. A reduction of stress and anxiety in patients undergoing anesthesia is helpful to the person as well as the medical professionals assisting with the procedure.
When having a pre-surgical consultation with your doctor, they will determine whether or not you will have to go under anesthesia. Complications may occur if the patient is awake or aware of what is happening during the procedure. For those patients who are having surgery or receiving anesthesia for the first time, they may have some questions beforehand including what may happen after the procedure. Here are some anesthesia FAQS for general surgery and anesthesia, and the answers may vary depending on the type of surgery and your doctor’s preferences. What is the Health History of the Patient? The number one asked question for physicians is the health history of the patient. Past experiences for the patient may alter and change the procedure and anesthesia. Medications being taken or allergies suffered can also affect the process of anesthesia. What type of Anesthesia will I be Receiving? Another question typically asked is what are the different types of anesthesia you may be receiving? The most common ways to receive anesthesia are injected in the arm or inhaled through a mask. The patient may request a certain way to receive it depending on how they feel about it, but the doctor may feel more comfortable with one option insisting that it’s done that way over the other for medical reasons. Injection through IV usually has a shorter recovery time than through a mask which makes the patient more tired for a longer period of time. Depending on the patient and type of surgery, the doctor will determine which one is more suitable. How do I Prepare for Surgery? How to prepare for surgery is another area of interest for most patients. What needs to be done to prevent any complications for the doctor? Avoiding solid food for several hours before surgery, following all doctor’s instructions, and possibly stopping certain medications that may interfere with the anesthesia are all common recommendations leading up to a procedure. The doctor or medical assistant will go over all the pre-surgical procedures and recommendations with the patient to ensure a safe and controlled environment. What are the Common Side Effects of Anesthesia? Common side effects is another area of interest for most patients preparing for a procedure. Some side effects can occur, but are very minor consisting of nausea, dry mouth, tiredness, and a sore throat. These side effects may not occur at all or appear suddenly depending on the patient. Also, on occasion, there are more serious complications after surgery due to the anesthesia, but they are very rare. Most questions you have can be answered by the doctor or staff on hand. It is always beneficial to the patient and staff if the patient is well-prepared and knowledgeable of the proper directions for any operation. By doing this, the procedure runs more smoothly and allows the doctor and staff to complete the surgery as planned and allow for a quicker, more routine recovery for the patient.
New anesthesia and medical training techniques are regularly being created, however a recent study found that a familiar childrens toy can benefit doctors training: Legos. Anesthesiologists require high levels of accuracy, dexterity, and patience, and specific types of training help them practice these skills. Read more to learn how Lego building blocks help establish practice techniques for doctors in anesthesia. Researchers developed a task where people copied shapes using bricks that they could see in a two way mirror. This strange but useful tactic was used to train and help the doctors to maintain the patience and understanding of 2 and 3 dimensional objects. These objects were premade, giving the doctor a view of what the object had to look like. The doctor would then recreate the object to exactly match. Researchers asked the doctors to use Lego Duplo Building Bricks in a 2 way mirror recreating these objects until perfect. Making them train and recreate the objects gave them the practice needed to better their hand eye coordination and movement when going to inject the anesthesia. The Lego Bricks were a simple solution for training. They found this simple training improved student performance in an ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia task. “This research provides a simple and innovative solution to improving people’s spatial rotation and awareness. That is, to perform many modern medical technical skills a doctor has to understand how a two-dimensional image of an organ relates to the three-dimensional world inside the body.” Technology is rapidly changing for this anesthesia medical industry, allowing those to change and adapt to the new ways coming will bring costs down, innovation to grow and better research for future market growth. Within the simulations used for the research and practice, time was shaved off the doctors time making the process quicker and more efficient. This advancement and study shows the potential anesthesia has to grow and make better for hospitals, doctors, medical industry, and most importantly the safety of the patient. https://www.anesthesiologynews.com/Policy-and-Management/Article/09-20/Lego-Training-Helps-Improve-Regionalists-Spatial-Manipulation/59524 https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/07/200721114720.htm
The market for anesthesia devices and drugs are expecting a huge increase in the next few years due to various drivers in the industry. Factors such as a growing population, anesthesia monitoring systems, and patient surgery volume. With these positive factors growing in the near future there are also some challenges this industry will face such as cost and side effects of the drugs issued to patients. There will be Market growth and decline during COVID-19 Pandemic which will cause us to see an increase in jobs requiring more anesthesiologists and technical build up for devices. The healthcare industry is consistent with being one of the most profitable industries in the market. There is a positive and negative view on this subject, regarding the market and growth of not only the industry but technology and research can have a large impact and will have a productive future within the industry in the next few years. The pandemic caused by COVID-19 is advancing the growth of these devices and drugs being issued. Giving the market a full boost effect for the future and giving the market the ability to grow substantially. COVID-19 has and is continuing to anticipate the change in the healthcare industry in the future. The risk that COVID-19 has brought to people is extreme and has increased the care for people needing anesthesia. Decisions being made by professionals are vital because of COVID-19 and how it might affect or interfere with anesthesia during surgery. The general use of anesthesia may be affecting the timing and decisions making process during surgery for patients with COVID-19. Anesthesia has its benefits and is a vital part to a surgery. During the COVID-19 pandemic, there are even more steps to the screening process and making sure the appropriate precautions are taken to ensure safety not only for the patient but for the staff on hand as well. Overall the pandemic has caused many issues for many people but is boosting and advancing the market growth for many industries and businesses within the health industry. Slowly but surely we will see a strong push for the healthcare industry including those advancements for the anesthesia industry.
When undergoing surgery, some patients may need to be put under anesthesia which can be scary to some. Patients may have general concerns with going under anesthesia and may also wonder if there are any long term effects. As for older patients (ages 70 and up) that need to be put under, some are concerned there may be a link between anesthesia and Alzheimer’s Disease. When a person has Alzheimer’s Disease, the outer layer of the cerebrum (Cortical), begins to thin which causes memory loss. The older we get, for some individuals memory begins to deteriorate quicker than others. A new study has shown that Anesthesia not linked to Alzheimer’s disease. According to the British Journal of Anesthesia, there is no link between the surgery with anesthesia and suffering from Alzheimer’s. Juraj Sprung, M.D., Ph.D., from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and colleagues assessed brain amyloid-β (Aβ) burden among older patients (aged 70 to 97 years) who underwent surgery with general anesthesia either after age 40 or within 20 years of neuroimaging. The results suggest that there was an association noted between exposure to surgery/general anesthesia and an increased likelihood of abnormal cortical thinning in those exposed after age 40 years and among those exposed in the prior 20 years. “This finding suggests that the modest cortical thinning associated with surgery/general anesthesia is not related to Alzheimer disease pathology, but rather is caused by other processes,” the authors write. Other exposure and processes have higher risk of Alzheimer’s such as environment, lifestyle and genetics. More common side effects you may experience after receiving anesthesia can include nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, sore throat, muscle aches, itching, shivering, sleepiness. The likelihood of any Alzheimer’s spiking in an individual is not likely but can increase the process if the patient is genetically septiable to this disease. In conclusion, the study shows anesthesia alone is not directly linked to the chances of getting Alzheimer’s Disease. Usually there are no side effects when under anesthesia, but depending on the individual age and prior lifestyle, some may suffer from different side effects.
Anesthesia is a necessary part of the health system and is essential to perform many different types of surgeries today. Without it, some procedures could never happen, causing major health problems for many people. Anesthesia through the years has come a long way since it was first was traced back all the way to ancient times. Original anesthesia processes were performed using opium from poppy seeds which the Greek, Chinese, and Babylonians used in ancient times. Moving forward to the mid-1800s soldiers and those needing a surgical procedure would have to take the pain, or use a form of Chloroform or Nitrous Oxide to help them get through the surgery. These methods led to more research and the development of more modern tools and practices. Moving into the 1900s, new anesthesia methods and techniques were developed which brought us closer to what we use in medical facilities today. From oral, eye, internal or external procedures more methods became popular and became necessary to perform a procedure with a positive outcome. During the mid to late 1900s, muscle relaxants and the inhalation of the anesthetic started to be used in place of an injectant. In the late 1900s, a new machine was invented which diffused the liquid, creating a vapor which could be inhaled by the patient. Anesthesia through the years has improved and there has been an immense amount of research, making it easier to perform pain free surgical procedures. The three types of anesthesia used today are Local, General and Regional methods. The type of anesthesia you get will depend on the type of surgery and your medical condition. Whichever method or technique used, patients and surgeons can have peace of mind knowing the surgery will be pain free.